The Biomechanism Underlying the Development of Type 1 Diabetes

First published in February 2022 – Last edited in September 2022 by Luka Tunjic. © All rights reserved.

Foreword – It is to expect that the Discovery of the cause of Type 1 diabetes would sound unbelievable. However, a little patience in reading the contents of this page and looking at my research articles posted on my old website (Modern Science of Biomechanics) will give more insight into how I came to conclusions about the Biomechanism Underlying Type 1 Diabetes Development and Biomechanism Underlying Type 2 Diabetes Development.

Research content (research articles) into the cause of Type 1 diabetes
1) Breathing Biomechanics and Mechanical Stimulation of Internal Organs … (abstract) … The current view is that breathing (breathing biomechanics) only supplies air with oxygen to the body (inhaling) and expels air containing metabolic waste products (exhaling). … A few years ago, I realised that breathing (trunk expansion and contraction during breathing) also mechanically stimulates internal organs. And that one of the necessary conditions for optimal work of internal organs requires optimal mechanical stimulation. Most physical activities provide a specific mechanical stimulation to internal organs, but mechanical stimulation induced by breathing processes differs from mechanical stimulation caused by physical activities. Until now, I have identified seven types of mechanical stimulations that affect the human body. Still, the rest of this article will discuss just mechanical stimulation caused by the breathing process. … (Read the full text of the research article.)

2) Exercise-induced Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar during or after exercise) and Exercise-induced Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar during or after exercise)

4) Optimal Breathing Biomechanics and Diaphragmatic Breathing

3) Prevalence of Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes in Competitive Athletes

5) Biomechanisms Underlying Type 2 Diabetes Remission after Metabolic Surgery(Bariatric Surgery – Weightloss Surgery)

5a) Biomechanisms Underlying Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Remission after Weight Loss Surgery

6) Unexplained Weight Loss – Type 1 Diabetes

7) Diabetes Type 1, Diabetes Type 2, and Breathing Biomechanics

8) Postural Alignment, Body Mass Distribution, Breathing Biomechanics, and Type 2 Diabetes

9) Musculoskeletal Characteristics, Breathing Biomechanics, and Type 1 Diabetes

10) Kussmaul Breathing in Diabetic Ketoacidosis

11) Cold Flu Viruses, Covid-19, and Type 1 Diabetes

12) The reason for the increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes in children after being infected by cold flu viruses or Covid 19

1) Cure and prevention of Type 1 diabetes

Below are links to the authors’ research work on Type 1 Diabetes from 2004 through 2012.

  1. Postural Profile of People with Type 1 Diabetes –
  2. Musculoskeletal Profile of Normal Weight People without and with T1D –
  3. A Link Between Occupation and Type 1 Diabetes –
  4. Weight Loss and Type 1 Diabetes –
  5. Obesity and Type 1 Diabetes –
  6. Insulin Therapy and Weight Gain –
  7. Spontaneous Remission of Type 1 Diabetes –
  8. Post-exercise Hypoglycemia –
  9. What Stimulates the Pancreas to Work Properly –
  10. Type 1 Diabetes in American Indians, Alaska Natives –
  11. Chiropractic Pioneering Research into Type 1 Diabetes –

Since the ribcage and the rest of the trunk alternately expand and shrink during breathing, breathing processes also mechanically stimulate internal organs.

Chest and trunk movement during inhalation and exhalation (expansion during inhalation and contraction during exaltation) mechanically stimulates internal organs. Internal organs are mechanically stimulated by decompressing during inhalation and compressing during exhalation.

Chest expansion, rib cage expansion, and lung expansion are frequently used, but it is not mentioned that the whole trunk expands during inhalation.

a) The inhalation process supplies the body with oxygen while also decompressing internal organs (the trunk’s cavities expand during inhalation).
b) The exhalation process deflates the lungs to expelling air containing metabolic waste products while at the same time compressing internal organs (the trunk’s cavities shrink).

Mechanical stimulation of internal organs consists of decompression during inhalation and compression during exhalation.

The study “Kinematic Analysis of the Musculoskeletal System Diabetic Type I” (published in 2018 by Atiyat, K., “Abdul Fattah”, O., & Zureigat, A. A. (2018) European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(15), 414.,) confirms my observational research findings of the differences between Type 1 diabetics and the general population concerning postural characteristics and musculoskeletal alignment published on my (old) website ( in 2013.

I didn’t find a single competitive athlete that was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes as a child. All competitive athletes with Type 1 diabetes get diagnosed as adults after participating in sports activities for a while. There may be a rare case of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes as a teenager, but there is no case to be diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes as a child of age between 3 and five and still later in life be a competitive athlete.

No one was born with Type 1 diabetes. Until recently, it primarily affected children aged 3 to 5 years old. Recently, it has started to affect all age groups and the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the adult population reaching epidemic proportions. It also needs to notice that certain world regions are more affected by the rising incidence of T1D.

“Recent epidemiological data have shown that more than half of all new cases of type 1 diabetes occur in adults.” … “Clinically, it has been relatively easy to distinguish the acute, potentially lethal, childhood-onset diabetes from the less aggressive condition that affects adults. However, experience has taught us that not all children with diabetes are insulin dependent and not all adults are non–insulin dependent.”

American Diabetes Association

Breathing is a Biomechanical process. Faulty breathing biomechanics sooner or later will trigger some kind of destructive bioprocess.

People with Type 1 diabetes have distinguished body posture characterised by their lower chest thrusting forward. Maintaining a such posture for a prolonged time causes changes in the musculoskeletal system. Such posture promotes breading with the upper portion of the lungs mainly. On the other hand, such posture decreases circumferences of the trunk area where the pancreas is located.
Musculoskeletal Profile of Normal Weight People without and with T1D …Side note: Humans and Penguins are the only species with upright posture. Apes have a semi-stooped posture. Swayback posture is only found among humans. (Read the full text of the research article on my old website.)
The pancreas is located between the stomach and the spine. The deeper the spine furrow, the more the pancreas is compressed and immobilised. (Read the full text of the research article on my old website.)
The differences in the depth of the spinal furrows are more visible in the enlarged picture. (See more about Musculoskeletal Profile of Normal Weight People without and with T1D on my old website.

Weight loss at the time of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. In both Types of diabetes, people lose weight at the time of being diagnosed with diabetes. The difference is that people with Type 1 diabetes were mostly slim or average weight before diagnosis, but at the time of diagnosis, they experienced weight loss. The people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes were mainly overweight or obese before diagnosis with type 2 diabetes but, at the time of diagnosis, experience weight loss. At the time of diagnosis with Type 2 diabetes, obese people remain obese despite weight loss. They are less obese but still obese because the amount of weight loss is insufficient to make them of average weight. People diagnosed with type 1 diabetes were of normal body weight or underweight before being affected with Type 1 diabetes and the loss of weight at the time of diagnosis is much noticeable.

The author’s book; Locomotor Skills and Postural Control Weight Loss Exercises: Ancient Greek and New Calisthenics – Beauty and Strength Exercises do not mention diabetes; still, it explains how certain types of breathing affect body posture.
The breathing biomechanics, body posture, and locomotion are closely interconnected. Posture and locomotion affect breathing biomechanics; breathing biomechanics (type of breathing) affect posture.

The biological world is a part of the physical world. Understanding more about biology will give you more knowledge of the physical world.

This book gives more understanding of the biological world. It explains the bio-mechanisms of weight gain (human body mass gain), weight loss (human body mass loss) and body mass distribution in the human body.

This page was last time updated on August 25, 2022. I hope my presentation is understandable. Still, I think that can be better explained, and I will continue to work on this subject. If you find this interesting, please revisit this page because it will be from time to time updated.

Please support me here if you like my research work and find it helpful. ― Support Research for a Better World. The world without Type 1 diabetes.

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